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OPNsense NEW AND IMPROVED OPNsense GETDNS STUBBY AND UNBOUND AKA DNS PRIVACY

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directnupe

LAN Interface For GETDNS and STUBBY Plus UNBOUND
WHY YOU ASK ? ANSWER : IN LIFE ONE SHOULD HAVE OPTIONS

IMPORTANT UPDATED INFORMATION !!! - READ FULL GUIDE BEFORE GETTING STARTED !!!

Stop OPNsense Router from occasionally allowing UNBOUND Root Hints to resolve queries on its own. This configuration ensures that localhost ( 127.0.0.1 ) will not be used as a resolver on OPNsense Box. You will only use GETDNS and STUBBY DNS SERVERS if you follow this tutorial. You will use your One Main LAN Interface as the listening interface for STUBBY and the listening and outgoing interface for your UNBOUND DNS RESOLVER on OPNsense. So, let's get started.

See Below For Definition and Function Of Unbound Root Hints :
Unbound is a caching DNS resolver. It uses a built in list of authoritative 
nameservers for the root zone (.), the so called root hints.
On receiving a 
DNS query it will ask the root nameservers for an answer and will in almost 
all cases receive a delegation to a top level domain (TLD) authoritative nameserver.
Source Document : https://man.openbsd.org/unbound

First you all know the drill by now - " The Intro " we would all have a better world if we remember to practice the concept that - NOW ! is the time for all of US ( A ) to GET UP & GET INVLOVED and act with SOUL POWER ! - lyrics to sing along : https://genius.com/James-brown-get-up-get-into-it-get-involved-lyrics plus https://genius.com/James-brown-soul-power-lyrics and video : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1pvIarW3xHg  Bonus JB : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v8TvBPshngE  -  Since version OPNsense 18.7 - you may install stubby and getdns on OPNsense by  simply issuing command # pkg install getdns ( Special Thanks and Kudos to Franco and the marvelous OPNsense Development Team )  - Please disregard and do not use any guides and / or tutorials which pre-date this one which covers installation and configuration of DNS Privacy  on OPNsense FireWall. This is an updated guide / tutorial which explains how to setup adding DNS-Over-TLS support for OPNsense. I run GetDns and Stubby forwarded to and integrated with Unbound. For those who wish to explore Stubby and GetDns - this method is the one recommended by DNSPRIVACY - see here :

https://getdnsapi.net/
https://dnsprivacy.org/wiki/display/DP/DNS+Privacy+Daemon+-+Stubby
https://dnsprivacy.org/wiki/display/DP/DNS+Privacy+Clients#DNSPrivacyClients-Unbound - please read this carefully - you will note that it indicates : Unbound As A DNS TLS Client Features:Unbound can be run as a local caching forwarder, configured to use SSL upstream, however it cannot yet authenticate upstreams, re-use TCP/TLS connections, be configured for Opportunistic mode or send several of the privacy related options (padding, ECS privacy) etc.  Some users combine Unbound (as a caching proxy with other features such as DNS Blacklisting) and Stubby (as a fully featured TLS forwarder).

I was asked by a still skeptical devotee of DOH
" What makes this way better than just running the DNS-over-https-proxy ?
My answer was : Read this and make your
decisions and conclusions concerning DOH vs DOT .
Here is the article below :
https://www.netmeister.org/blog/doh-dot-dnssec.html

Bottom Line Conclusion From Jan Schaumann - The Author of This Blog Entry :
For that, my current preference is quite clearly DNS-over-TLS:

I fear a bifurcation of DNS resolution by apps combined with the
push for using public resolvers with DoH will lead to a more complex
environment and threat model for many users.

Short Synopsis of DOH:
In other words , ( with DOH ) we gain the same
protections as with DoT for our web applications,
but leaves all other DNS traffic vulnerable.

Subsequently, as a matter of fact and in practice
with DNS OVER TLS ALL DNS traffic is invulnerable
and protected.This is why I run DOT and
eschew DOH on my OPNsense Router.

Further, Personally, I run GETDNS STUBBY and UNBOUND as
described here along with ( wait for it )
FireFox DOH along with Encrypted SNI - plus TLS v 1.3 in Stubby
and naturally a properly configured and encrypted VPN -

Your OPNsense /etc/resolv.conf file before and after configuring
LAN Interface For GETDNS and STUBBY Plus UNBOUND as described in
this tutorial.

Your OPNsense Firewall
# domain secureone.duckdns.org # Domain Used In My 
# OpenWRT DuckDNS LET’S ENCRYPT CERTIFICATES MADE SIMPLE Tutorial

Before Below :
# cat /etc/resolv.conf
domain secureone.duckdns.org
nameserver 127.0.0.1
nameserver 127.0.0.1

After Below :
~ # cat /etc/resolv.conf
domain secureone.duckdns.org
nameserver 192.168.7.11

These are the reasons I choose to use GetDns and Stubby with Unbound. Those reasons being so that I can take full advantage of all of the most secure privacy features available when running DNS OVER TLS. What I give you here is the absolute best method of implementation and deployment of DNS OVER TLS. For any and all who may be wondering why DNS OVER TLS is all the rage - read this:
https://tenta.com/blog/post/2017/12/dns-over-tls-vs-dnscrypt  I always set up DNS OVER TLS first before configuring OpenVPN and / or WireGuard on OPNsense - this DNS solution works flawlessly with either VPN protocol. So here we go. So go ahead and issue command # pkg install getdns in order to get started. After installing getdns which includes stubby follow the steps below.

1 - Now Ryan Steinmetz aka zi -  the port maintainer and developer of this  port was kind enough to include a start up script ( stubby.in ) for this package. See the stubby.in here in the raw : https://svnweb.freebsd.org/ports/head/dns/getdns/files/stubby.in?view=markup. All I had to do was ask him and he did for any and all who elect to use this great piece of FreeBSD software.

2 - Now to put all of this together, The stubby.in file is located here -  /usr/local/etc/rc.d/stubby by default. First though Stubby needs Unbound root.key - run this command before getting started:
# su -m unbound -c /usr/local/sbin/unbound-anchor   Then -
A - Issue this command :
# mv /usr/local/etc/rc.d/stubby /usr/local/etc/rc.d/stubby.sh
Make it executable - I run two commands - it works for me:
# chmod 744 /usr/local/etc/rc.d/stubby.sh    # chmod a+x /usr/local/etc/rc.d/stubby.sh
B - Yes must enable Stubby Daemon in the file -  open file by : nano /usr/local/etc/rc.d/stubby.sh
go to line 27  - : ${stubby_enable="NO"} change the setting to : ${stubby_enable="YES"} - that is all you have to do to this file. It comes pre-configured. Save and exit.

3 - You can and should also check real time status of DNS Privacy Servers as they are experimental and are not always stable - you can monitor DNS TLS Servers Real Time Status here below:
https://dnsprivacy.org/jenkins/job/dnsprivacy-monitoring/
I have read here: https://www.monperrus.net/martin/randomization-encryption-dns-requests that Also, it is good to set up some servers that listens on port 443 and others on port 853, so as to be resilient if you are on a network with blocked ports. You can also blend IPv4 and IPv6 addresses.

Now you must configure Stubby to resolve DNS OVER TLS - nano /usr/local/etc/stubby/stubby.yml
VERY IMPORTANT UPDATE: After checking, rechecking and the triple checking on this website mentioned above : https://www.immuniweb.com/ssl/?id=Su8SeUQ4 I have made some very serious discoveries regarding which DNS Privacy Test Servers to use. The bottom line that I strongly suggest you only choose to deploy servers which support the TLSv1.3 protocol. See here for information and importance of TLSv1.3 : https://kinsta.com/blog/tls-1-3/
I will save you some considerable leg work and post below the best configuration for your stubby.yml file. Here it is:

# All DNS Privacy Servers Below Tested and Updated On March 25 2020 With A+ Rating - 
# 100%  Perfecto Configuration on website: https://www.immuniweb.com/ssl/?id=Su8SeUQ4n
# These servers support the most recent and secure TLS protocol version of TLS 1.3 **
# Good configuration - These server configurations support only TLSv1.2 and TLSv1.3 protocols - current most secure encryption.
# Also I have added the Country Locations of These DNS PRIVACY Servers using the Alpha 3 Code Format
# see country code lists here :

# https://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/country_code_list.htm or https://www.iban.com/country-codes
# Use as many or as few depending on your specific needs

## Go Into SSH shell and enter : # nano /usr/local/etc/stubby/stubby.yml


resolution_type: GETDNS_RESOLUTION_STUB
dns_transport_list:
  - GETDNS_TRANSPORT_TLS
tls_authentication: GETDNS_AUTHENTICATION_REQUIRED
dnssec_return_status: GETDNS_EXTENSION_TRUE
tls_query_padding_blocksize: 128
edns_client_subnet_private : 1
idle_timeout: 9000
listen_addresses:
  - [email protected]  ## Enter Your One Main LAN Address Here
tls_connection_retries: 5
tls_backoff_time: 900
timeout: 2000
round_robin_upstreams: 1
tls_ca_path: "/etc/ssl/"

upstream_recursive_servers:
### IPV4 Servers ###
### DNS Privacy DOT Test Servers ###
## 1 - The getdnsapi.net DNS TLS Server A+ ( NLD )
  - address_data: 185.49.141.37
    tls_auth_name: "getdnsapi.net"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: foxZRnIh9gZpWnl+zEiKa0EJ2rdCGroMWm02gaxSc9Q=
## 2 - The Surfnet/Sinodun DNS TLS Server #3  A+ ( NLD )
  - address_data: 145.100.185.18
    tls_port: 853
    tls_auth_name: "dnsovertls3.sinodun.com"
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: 5SpFz7JEPzF71hditH1v2dBhSErPUMcLPJx1uk2svT8=
## 3 - The dns.cmrg.net DNS TLS Server  A+ ( CAN )
  - address_data: 199.58.81.218
    tls_auth_name: "dns.cmrg.net"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: 3IOHSS48KOc/zlkKGtI46a9TY9PPKDVGhE3W2ZS4JZo=
## 4 - The BlahDNS Japan DNS TLS Server  A+ ( JPN )
  - address_data: 45.32.55.94
    tls_auth_name: "dot-jp.blahdns.com"
    tls_port: 443
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: oo7UO3PO7GhSEuOahGQRPpAcvdFUC7ZRDH3YpoGio4I=
## 5 - The BlahDNS German DNS TLS Server  A+ ( USA Hosted In DEU )
  - address_data: 159.69.198.101
    tls_auth_name: "dot-de.blahdns.com"
    tls_port: 443
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: YZeyeJf/suAR2fMHLc9RDPkcQi/e8EEnzk5Y1N90QQE=
## 6 - The BlahDNS Finland DNS TLS Server  A+ ( FIN )
  - address_data: 95.216.212.177
    tls_auth_name: "dot-fi.blahdns.com"
    tls_port: 443
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: PID8ufrN/lfloA6y/C+mpR8MT53GG6GkAd8k+RmgTwc=
## 7 - The dns.neutopia.org  DNS TLS Server  A+ ( FRA )
  - address_data: 89.234.186.112
    tls_auth_name: "dns.neutopia.org"
    tls_port: 443
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: wTeXHM8aczvhRSi0cv2qOXkXInoDU+2C+M8MpRyT3OI=
## 8 - The Foundation for Applied Privacy DNS TLS Server  A+ ( AUT )
  - address_data: 93.177.65.183
    tls_auth_name: "dot1.appliedprivacy.net"
    tls_port: 443
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: k10S3nhppJ1hQyN9IOmG8yGEuLhG1YsB9mBUkOUuJBI=
## 9 - The Secure DNS Project by PumpleX DNS TLS Server #1  A+ ( GBR )
  - address_data: 51.38.83.141
    tls_auth_name: "dns.oszx.co"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: TSy1ZYYNACIkGRWFAH0IoPJI4HHksmpST4ckZCb7MRY=
## 10 - The SecureDNS DNS TLS Server A+ ( NLD )
  - address_data: 146.185.167.43
    tls_auth_name: "ads-dot.securedns.eu"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: h3mufC43MEqRD6uE4lz6gAgULZ5/riqH/E+U+jE3H8g=
## 11 - The Rubyfish Internet Tech DNS TLS Server A+ ( CHN )
  - address_data: 115.159.131.230
    tls_auth_name: "dns.rubyfish.cn"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: DBDigty3zDS7TN/zbQOmnjZ0qW+qbRVzlsDKSsTwSxo=
## 12 - The Lorraine Data Network DNS TLS Server A+ ( FRA ) 
  - address_data: 80.67.188.188
    tls_port: 443
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: WaG0kHUS5N/ny0labz85HZg+v+f0b/UQ73IZjFep0nM=
## This certificate is currently expired which 
## does not pose any concerns in SPKI mode 
## (in practice with Stubby)
## Source : https://ldn-fai.net/serveur-dns-recursif-ouvert/
## 13 - The DNSPRIVACY.at TLS Server #1  A+ ( DEU )
  - address_data: 94.130.110.185 
    tls_auth_name: "ns1.dnsprivacy.at"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: xctlty6R/YkqPxauSkA7cEBhbt1HwGhhpEEYMkiYOQE=
## 14 - The DNSPRIVACY.at TLS Server #2  A+ ( DEU )
  - address_data: 94.130.110.178 
    tls_auth_name: "ns2.dnsprivacy.at"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: 68MH4G5hipbK1xYATBFgA+/DNLDd333oXr22QyB/RRo=
### Publicly Available DOT Test Servers ###
## 15 - The ContainerPI.com - CPI DNS TLS Server  A+ ( JPN )
  - address_data: 45.77.180.10
    tls_auth_name: "dns.containerpi.com"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: xz8kGlumwEGkPwJ3QV/XlHRKCVNo2Fae8bM5YqlyvFs=
## 16 - The FEROZ SALAM DNS TLS Server  A+ ( GBR )
  - address_data: 46.101.66.244
    tls_auth_name: "doh.li"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: 4yTZwSW8TkOrgC2m4+Iv7KQZF0idX5Ga9Jjwhqz0SmI=
## 17 - The Andrews & Arnold DNS TLS Server #1  A+ ( GBR )
  - address_data: 217.169.20.23
    tls_auth_name: "dns.aa.net.uk"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: QU5xobzrRJeiNVUXh0bpUO42Xwj1HQgZo/uA3Uztfhc=
## 18 - The Andrews & Arnold DNS TLS Server #2  A+ ( GBR )
  - address_data: 217.169.20.22
    tls_auth_name: "dns.aa.net.uk"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: SbMmQBuIp1HNX9FCCXuzHT0Nq4qnfwdwwH9i1/FYwT8=
## 19 - The dns.seby.io - Vultr DNS TLS Server  A+ ( AUS )
  - address_data: 45.76.113.31
    tls_auth_name: "dot.seby.io"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: H13Su1659zEn0ZIblEShwjZO+M5gxKK2wXpVKQHgibM=           
## 20 - The dns.seby.io - OVH DNS TLS Server  A+ ( AUS )
  - address_data: 139.99.222.72
    tls_auth_name: "dot.seby.io"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: 8A/1KQQiN+aFWenQon076nAINhlZjGkB15C4E/qogGw=
## 21 - The Digitale Gesellschaft DNS TLS Server #1  A+ ( CHE )
  - address_data: 185.95.218.43
    tls_auth_name: "dns.digitale-gesellschaft.ch"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: 2eJJ5MfiACVAn+gi9V8RB04KqLuRh3LZE7dNZZ1MoX0=
## 22 - The Digitale Gesellschaft DNS TLS Server #2  A+ ( CHE )
  - address_data: 185.95.218.42
    tls_auth_name: "dns.digitale-gesellschaft.ch"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: i5wCQs+XOuvCkeUUzUISl79hfyQYCPvookY9+cBY8mE=
## 23 - The Antoine Aflalo DNS TLS Server #1  A+ ( USA )
  - address_data: 168.235.81.167
    tls_auth_name: "dns-nyc.aaflalo.me"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: 39DtR8cTs4rBfMnUxuAngI6XUc1HTeZVziSbSC56MIM=
## 24 - The Antoine Aflalo DNS TLS Server #2  A+ ( NLD )
  - address_data: 176.56.236.175
    tls_auth_name: "dns.aaflalo.me"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: cgtNzBzfLuhQ2DrFMoi55U1W+44KLJ2pU/UkqxS06Z8=
## 25 - The Privacy-First DNS TLS Server #1  A+ ( JPN )
  - address_data: 172.104.93.80
    tls_auth_name: "jp.tiar.app"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: 5mweIYRkQwvITwGFbt+/zhcHFBdKjSwX4Vahut8nYgE=
## 26 - The Privacy-First DNS TLS Server #2  A+ ( SGP Hosted In USA )
  - address_data: 174.138.29.175
    tls_auth_name: "dot.tiar.app"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: 2YRX8uxQBwmduoGohhLaYWPQevVEV9EgZTCTsXOqT24=
## 27 - The ibuki.cgnat.net DNS TLS Server  A+ ( USA )
  - address_data: 35.198.2.76
    tls_auth_name: "ibuki.cgnat.net"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: OcRaI3p/xMjnj5+LlSpXP1aCnEgtRs5g38QQi7PbIO8=
## 28 - The PI-DNS.COM West USA DNS TLS Server A+ ( USA )
  - address_data: 45.67.219.208
    tls_auth_name: "dot.westus.pi-dns.com"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: s2BoWwWBcEAy8iU2FXqNHUoPlQdp0fUtxaXf5irRHM4=
## 29 - The PI-DNS.COM DNS TLS East USA Server A+ ( USA )
  - address_data: 185.213.26.187
    tls_auth_name: "dot.eastus.pi-dns.com"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: SEdkdZ3k+dmLWoD7HIWZ8b9CwXrctzHb94GpN405Gms=
## 30 - The PI-DNS.COM Central Europe DNS TLS Server A+ ( DEU )
  - address_data: 88.198.91.187
    tls_auth_name: "dot.centraleu.pi-dns.com"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: Y0SQDuhfYthhzLnCOxREWsxqFoCzOTvWlUdpi0wr25Y=
## 31 - The PI-DNS.COM North Europe DNS TLS Server A+ ( FIN )
  - address_data: 95.216.181.228
    tls_auth_name: "dot.northeu.pi-dns.com"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: n3TS/j9J67vVc2aV0ADzT8E/Tup4P1+SghLtvDCZCJc=
## 32 - The Snopyta DNS TLS Server A+ ( FIN )
  - address_data: 95.216.24.230
    tls_auth_name: "fi.dot.dns.snopyta.org"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: 4N75mKYSJ0hU7b2Ptmp2splcB4LAQHQqvWXPdJN7YtQ=
## 33 - The NixNet Uncensored Las Vegas DNS TLS Server A+ ( USA )
## - or use ( tls_auth_name: "adblock.lv1.dns.nixnet.xyz" )
  - address_data: 209.141.34.95
    tls_auth_name: "uncensored.lv1.dns.nixnet.xyz"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: zzczIf7xsSpcJ/7rJ4OxJhHpgQwCWTqRVgQHEpXFbak=
## 34 - The NixNet Uncensored New York DNS TLS Server A+ ( USA )
## - or use ( tls_auth_name: "adblock.ny1.dns.nixnet.xyz" )
  - address_data: 199.195.251.84
    tls_auth_name: "uncensored.ny1.dns.nixnet.xyz"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: djPyUZKha7+8P7EVzQ9IGeBxMLFPM6Z6KYY/JL9rmQg=
## 35 - The NixNet Uncensored Luxembourg DNS TLS Server A+ ( LUX )
## - or use ( tls_auth_name: "adblock.lux1.dns.nixnet.xyz" )
  - address_data: 104.244.78.231
    tls_auth_name: "uncensored.lux1.dns.nixnet.xyz"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: xgysaSf7PMjaOu5+02tTOvmT0qwxHUgzqu0iHXmHSEw=
## 36 - The Lelux.fi DNS TLS Server  A+ ( FRA Hosted In GBR )
  - address_data: 51.158.147.50
    tls_auth_name: "resolver-eu.lelux.fi"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: /Gv53+cvMW9zvbIbw4bg0WSvKAnsUxCYsvUp1TaOSb0=
## 37 - The Lightning Wire Labs DNS TLS Server  A+ ( DEU )
  - address_data: 81.3.27.54 
    tls_auth_name: "recursor01.dns.lightningwirelabs.com"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: pRkLbNTOGLXo3d2RtPmM8hIGB/zySnZCxaDLNlvg0rI=
## 38 - The Hostux DNS TLS Server  A+ ( LUX )
  - address_data: 185.26.126.37 
    tls_auth_name: "dns.hostux.net"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: P0gaP31TQQzAIN3DomM5vXS3+8oCgYcTA/ZJ09Jw4QE=
## 39 - The dns.flatuslifir.is DNS TLS Server  A+ ( ISL )
  - address_data: 46.239.223.80 
    tls_auth_name: "dns.flatuslifir.is"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: r3RmOoDlDavbinPSwyWNnz0qYsfx4gaIGYfORLPNQOs=
## 40 - The dnsforge.de DNS TLS Server #1  A+ ( DEU )
  - address_data: 176.9.1.117 
    tls_auth_name: "dnsforge.de"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: m51QwAhzNDSa3G7c1Y6eOEsskzp6ySzeOqy0LKcptDw=
### Anycast Publicly Available DOT Test Servers ###
## 41 - The NixNet Uncensored Anycast DNS TLS Server A+ ( Anycast )
  - address_data: 198.251.90.114
    tls_auth_name: "uncensored.any.dns.nixnet.xyz"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: Ryhjf7K6V9/Fw/7XU7fqzrVJVEOyPtlHR/rFetOXrug=
## 42 - The NixNet Adblock Anycast DNS TLS Server A+ ( Anycast )
  - address_data: 198.251.90.89
    tls_auth_name: "adblock.any.dns.nixnet.xyz"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: Ryhjf7K6V9/Fw/7XU7fqzrVJVEOyPtlHR/rFetOXrug=
## 43 - The DNSlify DNS TLS Servers  A+ ( Anycast )
  - address_data: 185.235.81.1
    tls_auth_name: "doh.dnslify.com"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: w5AEEaNvoBOl4+QeDIuRaaL6ku+nZfrhZdB2f0lSITM=
  - address_data: 185.235.81.2
    tls_auth_name: "doh.dnslify.com"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: w5AEEaNvoBOl4+QeDIuRaaL6ku+nZfrhZdB2f0lSITM=
### DNS Privacy Anycast DOT Public Resolvers ###
## 44 - The DNS.SB DNS TLS Servers  A+ ( Anycast )
  - address_data: 185.222.222.222
    tls_auth_name: "dns.sb"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: /qCm+kZoAyouNBtgd1MPMS/cwpN4KLr60bAtajPLt0k=
  - address_data: 185.184.222.222
    tls_auth_name: "dns.sb"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: /qCm+kZoAyouNBtgd1MPMS/cwpN4KLr60bAtajPLt0k=
## 45 Quad9 'secure' service - Filters, does DNSSEC, doesn't send ECS
## ( NOTE: recommend reducing idle_timeout to 9000 if using Quad9 )
  - address_data: 149.112.112.112
    tls_auth_name: "dns.quad9.net"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: /SlsviBkb05Y/8XiKF9+CZsgCtrqPQk5bh47o0R3/Cg=
  - address_data: 9.9.9.9
    tls_auth_name: "dns.quad9.net"
    tls_port: 853
    tls_pubkey_pinset:
      - digest: "sha256"
        value: /SlsviBkb05Y/8XiKF9+CZsgCtrqPQk5bh47o0R3/Cg=

Save and Exit

Configure Stubby To Implement TLSv1.3 For OPNsense 20.1 And Above

Add this entry ( found directly below ) to the bottom of your stubby.yml
configuration file ( aka /usr/local/etc/stubby/stubby.yml ) -
make sure to skip a line after last entry before appending these settings:

# Set the acceptable ciphers for DNS over TLS.  With OpenSSL 1.1.1 this list is
# for TLS1.2 and older only. Ciphers for TLS1.3 should be set with the
# tls_ciphersuites option. This option can also be given per upstream.
# tls_cipher_list: "EECDH+AESGCM:EECDH+CHACHA20"
# Set the acceptable cipher for DNS over TLS1.3. OpenSSL >= 1.1.1 is required
# for this option. This option can also be given per upstream.
tls_ciphersuites: "TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384:TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256:TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256"
# Set the minimum acceptable TLS version. Works with OpenSSL >= 1.1.1 only.
# This option can also be given per upstream.
tls_min_version: GETDNS_TLS1_3
# Set the maximum acceptable TLS version. Works with OpenSSL >= 1.1.1 only.
# This option can also be given per upstream.
# tls_max_version: GETDNS_TLS1_3

Starting with OPNsense 20.1-RC1 in order for TLSv1.3 protocol to work properly
( read at all ) in your Stubby instance, OpenSSL 1.1.1 must be active and configured
in the kernel. OPNsense 20.1-RC1 and above does provide OpenSSL 1.1.1 support.
When you have OpenSSL 1.1.1 with TLSv1.3 support simply add the section above in order to set
Stubby to implement TLS1.3. The operative lines necessary are these two specifically
found at the bottom of the stubby.yml file above:
 
tls_ciphersuites: "TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384:TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256:TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256"
tls_min_version: GETDNS_TLS1_3
 
See below for TLS1.3 Support Check SSH Commands -

openssl s_client -connect 46.101.66.244:853

OR :

openssl s_client -connect 45.32.55.94:443

Read Out Will Be Verified By These Lines Below:

Post-Handshake New Session Ticket arrived:
SSL-Session:
    Protocol  : TLSv1.3
    Cipher    : TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256

OR :

Post-Handshake New Session Ticket arrived:
SSL-Session:
    Protocol  : TLSv1.3
    Cipher    : TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384

Depending on Configuration on Tested DOT Server

Note: You will not get a readout indicating that the selected Tested DOT Server utilizes
TLS1.3.
This is due to the fact that OPNsense 20.1 does not fully utilize OpenSSL 1.1.1 -
When you run command # openssl version - you will see that OPNsense 20.1 still runs on
OpenSSL 1.02 - This is slated to be fixed on the next major OPNsense release.

Lastly, you can and should take advantage of this new DNS OVER TLS provider.
You need to sign up and use configured settings in order to use it.
NextDNS is a free service - ANYCAST and pretty much cutting edge.
ANYCAST speeds up your DNS - Here it is:
NextDNS https://my.nextdns.io/signup

or feel free to use and test
NextDNS " Try it now for free " Feature
go to : https://nextdns.io/

I also strongly encourage you to subscribe to blockerDNS found here : https://blockerdns.com/
This new DOH / DNS OVER TLS provider is the fastest I have run across. blockerDNS is run by 
Tambe Barsbay a seasoned, thorough and extremely proficient tech practitioner. 
blockerDNS is based in the U.S. and its infrastructure is hosted on Google Cloud Platform 
and DigitalOcean.
You can view blockerDNS subscription options here : https://blockerdns.com/tryit
Most significantly, Tambe stands by his claim that he offers " Instant support by phone or email ". 
Overall blockerDNS is a great DNSPRIVACY DNS Service. Tip : The Mobile $0.99 per month option should
suffice for most home users. Links : https://tambeb.com/ https://blockerdns.com/blog
https://blockerdns.com/support https://blockerdns.com/overview

4 - In order to have OPNsense use default start up script (  /usr/local/etc/rc.d/stubby.sh ) at boot time you will have to create a boot time start up script for it in /etc/rc.conf.d/. Not to prolong this - do the following :

# touch /etc/rc.conf.d/stubby - create the needed new file
# nano /etc/rc.conf.d/stubby - in the new file enter the following two lines:

stubby_enable="YES"
stubby_bootup_run="/usr/local/etc/rc.d/stubby.sh"

Save and exit / then make the file executable - once again - works for me : # chmod 744 /etc/rc.conf.d/stubby # chmod a+x /etc/rc.conf.d/stubby

5- Now you must configure your Unbound DNS Server to use Stubby for DNS Over TLS.
Go To Services > UNBOUND > GENERAL SETTINGS

UNDER UNBOUND GENERAL SETTINGS
Network Interfaces = Select LAN ONLY ! # IF You Have Multiple Lan Interfaces - Select ALL LAN INTERFACES

Under Custom options enter the following :
server:
forward-zone:
 name: "."    # Allow all DNS queries
 forward-addr: [email protected] ## ( Your One Main LAN Address )
## END OF ENTRY

## Note : do-not-query-localhost: no 
## this entry is necessarily removed 
## from this UNBOUND configuration
## Disabling DNS Queries From Localhost ( 127.0.0.1 )

Outgoing Network Interfaces = Select LAN ONLY ! # IF You Have Multiple Lan Interfaces - Select ALL LAN INTERFACES

Make Sure to NOT CHECK - DO NOT CHECK -  the box for DNS Query Forwarding.  Save and Apply Settings

Next -Under System > Settings  > General Settings

Set the first DNS Server to Your One Main LAN Address ( 192.168.7.11 ) with no gateway selected  /
 
Make sure that DNS server option

A - Allow DNS server list to be overridden by DHCP/PPP on WAN -  Is Not I repeat - Is Not Checked !

and DNS server option

B -  Do not use the DNS Forwarder/Resolver as a DNS server for the firewall Is Checked  - I repeat - Is Checked !

- Save and Apply Settings

        C'est Fini C'est Ci Bon C'est Magnifique

Reboot your router just to sure. Lastly, you can check your DNS at GRC DNS Nameserver Spoofability Test - DNSLeak.com - or any such service. Your results will render the DNS PRIVACY Name Servers which you selected in your stubby.yml configuration file. You are now running DNS OVER TLS with GETDNS plus STUBBY ( a fully featured TLS forwarder ) along with an Unbound DNS Caching Server.

Note: Starting with Unbound 1.7.2 qname minimisation is enabled by default.
However, I still add these settings manually.
These settings are entered under Unbound " Custom Options":
qname-minimisation: yes
qname-minimisation-strict: yes
harden-below-nxdomain: yes

Use either or both of these two methods to  verify QNAME Minimisation
A - Run command : drill txt qnamemintest.internet.nl
and / or
B -  Run command: dig txt qnamemintest.internet.nl +short and / or dig -t txt qnamemintest.internet.nl ( for more complete readout including DNSSEC results ).
AD = Authenticated Data (for DNSSEC only; indicates that the data was authenticated)
The results in any of these scenarios will show either:
"HOORAY - QNAME minimisation is enabled on your resolver :)!”
or “NO - QNAME minimisation is NOT enabled on your resolver :(.”
Reference https://discourse.pi-hole.net/t/unbound-and-qname-minimisation/10038/4
You will and should get HOORAY ! - if you used the name servers listed in this guide for your Stubby configuration.

VERY IMPORTANT TIP:
Please note that right at the top of the main DNS Privacy Test Servers Homepage ( https://dnsprivacy.org/wiki/display/DP/DNS+Privacy+Test+Servers ) It Ominously Declares:
DoT servers
The following servers are experimental DNS-over-TLS servers.
Note that they are experimental offerings (mainly by individuals/small organisations) with no guarantees on the lifetime of the service, service level provided. The level of logging may also vary (see the individual websites where available) - the information here about logging has not been verified. Also note that the single SPKI pins published here for many of these servers are subject to change (e.g on Certificate renewal) and should be used with care!!
For these reasons it is most important to check and verify your SPKI pin(s) for TLS authentication manually yourself from time to time. There are sure fire methods to make sure that you are using the correct value for any upstream nameserver ( aka tls_pubkey_pinset value ) - Go to https://blahdns.com/ and scroll down to the section to the yellow section entitled What is DNS OVER TLS click on it and it will open up.
When you do it will state some general information, but what you want to pay attention to is this section:
How to get SPKI
Most Simple and Direct Method:
gnutls-cli --print-cert -p 853 159.69.198.101 | grep "pin-sha256" | head -1
       And / Or With Adjustment For SSL Port and Address Being Tested
gnutls-cli --print-cert -p 443 159.69.198.101 | grep "pin-sha256" | head -1 - where you must  pkg install gnutls
OR
echo | openssl s_client -connect '185.49.141.37:853' 2>/dev/null | openssl x509 -pubkey -noout | openssl pkey -pubin -outform der | openssl dgst -sha256 -binary | openssl enc -base64
Remember to change port to 443 or port for IPV6 if different than standard 853 where applicable.

https://www.dnsleaktest.com/       https://www.perfect-privacy.com/dns-leaktest   https://cryptoip.info/dns-leak-test
https://www.grc.com/dns/dns.htm https://www.vpninsights.com/dns-leak-test and last but not least

https://cmdns.dev.dns-oarc.net/ for a thorough in depth DNS Test   https://bash.ws/dnsleak/test/

Now all you need to do is run is a properly configured VPN Service. By doing so, running DNS over TLS with Stubby and GetDns will keep your VPN provider from spying on your encrypted DNS look ups - and also your DNS providers both the ISP ( replaced by encrypted Stubby ) and your Encrypted TLS DNS Service Provider will see your IP as the one from your encrypted tunneled VPN provider.
I am convinced this setup is the right strategy for both security and privacy. I think it to be the best practice for all those most serious about multi-layered cyber security.

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